James Meadowcroft is a professor in both the School of Public Policy and Administration and in the Department of Political Science at Carleton University, Canada. His research is focused on the ways in which governments are adjusting their practices and policies in order to cope with the emergence of problems of the environment and sustainable development. He has written widely on environmental politics and policy, democratic participation and deliberative democracy, national sustainable development strategies, and socio-technical transitions. Recent work focuses on energy and the transition to a low carbon society, and includes publications on carbon capture and storage, smart grids, and the politics of socio-technical transitions. Meadowcroft is currently co-lead on an international research project on Ecosystem services: valuing nature for sustainable development and a green economy. Within the Earth System Governance project he leads the ‘Taskforce on Conceptual Foundations’, which is interrogating key ideas that are being formulated to orient global governance of environmental issues.